>Patch Upgrade

>Note 824432 – Current Patchset for Oracle 10.1.

http://hi.baidu.com/regards/blog/item/5a7abeec23a1234879f0552a.html/cmtid/c1974c2501df7e21d5074230

环境:AIX5.3L + Oracle 10G + SAP ECC6
1.查看当前的Oracle版本:
PRDT / # su – oraprt
PRDT:oraprt 1> sqlplus /nolog
SQL*Plus: Release 10.2.0.2.0 – Production on Fri Oct 17 13:25:29 2008
Copyright (c) 1982, 2005, Oracle. All Rights Reserved.
SQL> connect /as sysdba
Connected.
SQL> select * from V$version;
BANNER
—————————————————————-
Oracle Database 10g Enterprise Edition Release 10.2.0.2.0 – 64bi
PL/SQL Release 10.2.0.2.0 – Production
CORE 10.2.0.2.0 Production
TNS for IBM/AIX RISC System/6000: Version 10.2.0.2.0 – Productio
NLSRTL Version 10.2.0.2.0 – Production

2.查看oracle已经打过的patch:
PRDT / # su – oraprt
PRDT:oraprt 1> cd $ORACLE_HOME/OPatch
PRDT:oraprt 2> pwd
/oracle/PRT/102_64/OPatch
PRDT:oraprt 3> ./opatch lsinventory
Invoking OPatch 10.2.0.2.0
Oracle interim Patch Installer version 10.2.0.2.0
Copyright (c) 2005, Oracle Corporation. All rights reserved..
Oracle Home : /oracle/PRT/102_64
Central Inventory : /oracle/oraInventory
from : /oracle/PRT/102_64/oraInst.loc
OPatch version : 10.2.0.2.0
OUI version : 10.2.0.2.0
OUI location : /oracle/PRT/102_64/oui
Log file location : /oracle/PRT/102_64/cfgtoollogs/opatch/opatch-00_Oct_17_16-06-48-GMT+08_Fri.log
Lsinventory Output file location : /oracle/PRT/102_64/cfgtoollogs/opatch/lsinv/lsinventory-00_Oct_17_16-06-48-GMT+08_Fri.txt
——————————————————————————–
Installed Top-level Products (2):
Oracle Database 10g 10.2.0.1.0
Oracle Database 10g Release 2 Patch Set 1 10.2.0.2.0
There are 2 products installed in this Oracle Home.
There are no Interim patches installed in this Oracle Home.
——————————————————————————–
OPatch succeeded.

3. 上传并解压Oracle patch和Oracle Client文件
(由于下载的是3部分类似于WINRAR的分卷文件,需要在DOS下进行合并)
D:\SAP SOFT>copy /B Patchset_10204_AIX5Laa.bin + Patchset_10204_AIX5Lab.bin + Patchset_10204_AIX5Lac.bin + Patchset_10204_AIX5Lad.bin Patchset_10204_AIX5La.bin
Patchset_10204_AIX5Laa.bin
Patchset_10204_AIX5Lab.bin
Patchset_10204_AIX5Lac.bin
Patchset_10204_AIX5Lad.bin
已复制 1 个文件。

修改Disk1和Oracle client文件为777
PRDT /sapsoft/sapsoft/orapatch # chmod -R 777 Disk1
PRDT /sapsoft/sapsoft/orapatch # chmod 777 OCL10264.SAR

4.备份SAP所在的VG:(smitty savevg)

5.安装oracle patch:
确认SAP和数据库关闭
# ps -ef | grep sap
root 974922 573570 0 16:17:02 pts/4 0:00 grep sap
# ps -ef | rep ora
/usr/bin/ksh: rep: not found.
# ps -ef | grep ora
root 974926 573570 0 16:17:12 pts/4 0:00 grep ora
PRDT:oraprt 11> ./runInstaller
********************************************************************************
Your platform requires the root user to perform certain pre-installation
OS preparation. The root user should execute ‘/usr/sbin/slibclean’ on all the nodes before
you proceed with Patchset Installation.
Answer ‘y’ if root has run ‘/usr/sbin/slibclean’ so you can proceed with Oracle
Patchset installation.
Answer ‘n’ to abort installation and then ask root to run ‘/usr/sbin/slibclean’.
********************************************************************************
Has ‘/usr/sbin/slibclean’ been run by root? [y/n] (n)
./runInstaller[29]: y: 0403-012 A test command parameter is not valid.
Patchset Installation stopped to run ‘/usr/sbin/slibclean’ by root.
# /usr/sbin/slibclean
设置DISPLAY实现远程GUI的调用:
PRDT:oraprt 11> setenv DISPLAY 10.38.5.12:0.0
PRDT:oraprt 12> ./runInstaller
完成oracle patch的安装。

6.安装oracle client:
PRDT:oraprt 7>SAPCAR -xvf OCL10264.SAR
PRDT:oraprt 8> ls -l
total 121888
drwxrwxrwx 5 root system 256 Oct 17 16:03 Disk1
-rwxrwxrwx 1 root system 56047058 Oct 17 15:50 OCL10264.SAR
-rwxrwxrwx 1 prtadm sapsys 6349944 Aug 02 2007 SAPCAR
drwxr-xr-x 2 oraprt dba 4096 Aug 01 23:29 instantclient_10204_V1
PRDT:oraprt 9> cd /oracle/ client/10*
PRDT:oraprt 16> ls -l
total 8
-rwxrwxr-x 1 prtadm sapsys 101 Mar 27 2006 dbclient.lst
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root sapinst 41 Feb 28 2008 instantclient -> /oracle/client/10x_64/instantclient_10202
drwxrwxr-x 2 prtadm sapsys 256 Mar 27 2006 instantclient_10202
PRDT:oraprt 16>rm instantclient
PRDT:oraprt17>cp –pr /sapsoft/sapsoft/orapatch/ instantclient_10204_V1 instantclient_10204_V1
PRDT:oraprt18>ln -s instantclient_10204_V1 instantclient

7.完成oracle client 10.2.0.4.0的安装,通过测试:
PRDT:prtadm 1> R3trans -d
This is R3trans version 6.14 (release 700 – 28.07.08 – 15:52:00).
unicode enabled version
R3trans finished (0000).

8.更新数据字典视图:
升级以后数据字典的一些基表的内容修改了,catalog.sql和catproc.sql这2个脚本需要在运行一下把数据字典视图在更新一下.
PRDT / # su – oraprt
PRDT:oraprt 1> sqlplus /nolog
SQL*Plus: Release 10.2.0.4.0 – Production on Fri Oct 17 23:41:33 2008
Copyright (c) 1982, 2007, Oracle. All Rights Reserved.
SQL> connect /as sysdba
Connected.
SQL>STARTUP UPGRADE
SQL> @$ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/admin/catupgrd.sql

9.正常启动Sap,完成Oracle patch和oracle client的安装。

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